A traveler is a person who voluntarily takes the spiritual and physical labor of direct and active acquaintance with the world, with the natural resources of the planet and the cultural heritage of Mankind. The traveler enjoys the inalienable right of each person directly and personally to discover unknown places for himself, to enjoy the diversity and magnificence of the life of the Planet Earth.
The universal right to travel is a consequence of the right to rest and recreation guaranteed by article 24 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and article 7.d of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. The traveler enjoys the worldwide recognized right of every person to rest and leisure to the full extent; the traveler also enjoys the right to move freely without restrictions, except the cases specified by the current legislation of countries where the traveler stays. The traveler has the right to expect from the official authorities of the host country the following:
- Help in his contacts with the local population in order to improve mutual understanding and mutual spiritual enrichment;
- Providing necessary administrative and legal procedures and guarantees for protection of his rights;
- Ensuring the safety of the traveler and his property through preventive and protective measures;
- Providing access to health services;
- Providing the possibility of free travel around the country and free access to areas and objects of cultural and environmental interest, taking into account restrictive measures taken in the national interest or for environmental reasons;
- Preventing any discriminatory measures against the traveler;
- Providing prompt access to administrative and legal services, as well as to representatives of national consulates;
- Providing an opportunity to make currency exchange transactions, in accordance with the economic situation and the legislation of the host country;
- Providing internal and external public means of communication to the traveler;
- Assistance in informing the traveler in order to create conditions for understanding the customs of the local population;
- Providing opportunities for confession of a traveler’s own faith in accordance with the current legislation in the host country and the established practice of religion.
Every traveler has the right to inform the representatives of legislative bodies and public organizations about the needs in order to fully enjoy the right to travel. He can, where appropriate (and in accordance with current legislation), unite for this purpose with other citizens. Official authorities are obliged to pay special attention to the safety of foreign travelers along the route of travel, taking into account their special potential vulnerability.
The traveler is obliged:
A traveler must inform himself about the forthcoming journey, countries, customs and culture of the people, specificity of local legislation, political and environmental problems of host countries before departure for a trip. He must:
- Understand and take into account risks to health and personal safety;
- Take into account socio-cultural traditions and customs, including the customs of national minorities and indigenous peoples along the travel route; he must not behave defiantly or provoke conflicts;
- Take into account the prevailing political, social, moral and religious way of life in the host countries, obey local laws and, within reasonable limits, the rules of conduct adopted by the local population;
- Avoid violation of universally shared ethical values during the trip; he must not allow disapproving expressions and show disrespect for the diverse religious, philosophical and moral beliefs of the peoples of the host country;
- Categorically exclude harm, including “souvenir fever”, artistic, archaeological and cultural values, fauna, flora and natural resources along the route of travel;
- Avoid getting involved in the traffic of antiquities, protected species of fauna and flora;
- Avoid criminal acts or actions during the journey that can be considered criminal, according to the legislation of the host country; also, the traveler must avoid the behavior that may be provocative or offensive to the local population;
- Promote the protection of human rights, especially rights of the least protected groups of the society as children, the elderly, people with disabilities, ethnic minorities and indigenous peoples;
- Strive to preserve the natural heritage, ecological balance and biological diversity in host countries, promoting, if possible, the protection of wild fauna and flora, especially rare and endangered species;
- Implement existing restrictions on human activities in particularly vulnerable areas (desert zones, polar areas and highlands, coastal zones, tropical forests and humid areas);
- Avoid causing damage to prosperity of traditional crafts, culture and folklore;
- Promote mutual understanding and development of friendly relations between peoples at both the national and the international levels, thus contributing to the preservation of peace;
- Refrain from emphasizing the economic, social and cultural differences that exist between the traveler and the population of the host country;
- Avoid harming the culture of the local population, which is an integral part of the common heritage of mankind.
Travel is a private matter of the traveler. However, in case of assuming additional responsibilities (for example, the functions of people’s diplomacy), the traveler has the right to rely on the assistance of local authorities. A traveler that uses the services of the tourism industry is a tourist. In this case, he must fulfill all duties and enjoy all the rights specified in the Charter of Tourism and the global ethical Codex adopted by the World Tourism Organization.